The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the new education policy, which has made several major changes from schooling to higher education, along with spending in the education sector to 6 percent of GDP and gross enrollment in higher education by the year 2035. The rate is targeted to reach 50 percent. Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters that the new education policy was approved in the meeting of the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He told that education policy had not changed for 34 years, so it is very important. After the meeting, Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare and School Education and Literacy Secretary Anita Karwal made a presentation during the press briefing in which the new education policy is given in detail. Read its 10 big things:
1- Many major changes were made in the new education policy from school education to higher education. It will have a single regulator for higher education (excluding law and medical education). In addition, higher education aims to reach a 50 percent gross enrollment rate by 2035.
2- Multiple entry and exit system has been implemented in the new policy. Khare said that in today’s system, if after four years of engineering or after studying for 6 semesters, then there is no solution for any reason, but after a 1-year certificate in multiple entries and exit system, diploma after 2 years. And will get a degree after 3-4 years. This is a big decision in the interest of the students.
3- Students who want to go into research will have a 4-year degree program, while those who want to get into a job will do a three-year degree program. The new system also provides for exemption from MA and degree programs after completing the MPhil.
4- Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said, about 4.43 percent of the total GDP is being spent in education, but there is a target to increase it to 6 percent, and the Center and the states together will achieve this goal.
5- He said that in addition to Hindi and English languages, there will be e-courses in eight regional languages. A virtual lab program will be carried forward. With this, the National Education Technology Forum is being formed.
6- He said that the National Research Foundation (NRF) will be established which will promote research and innovation. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has now been renamed as Ministry of Education. Technology will be promoted in education (teaching, learning, and assessment). Education will be promoted in PwDs through technology.
7- At the same time, School Education Secretary Anita Karwal told that the National Curriculum has been 15 years since 2005 and now a new curriculum will come. Similarly, it has been 11 years since the curriculum of teacher education has also been improved.
8- A new policy has been taken to reduce the burden of board examination. Board exams can be divided into two parts which can be objective and subject-based. He said that the medium of instruction should be in the mother tongue, regional language, or home language up to class V. There has been talking of a gender education fund for girls.
9- Karwal said that the report card based on the overall assessment has been talked about while changing the appearance of the report card of the children. There will be an emphasis on testing life skills in every classroom so that when the child leaves in the 12th standard, he will have a full portfolio. Apart from this, the emphasis has been laid on advancing transparent and online education. Speaking on the occasion, Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said that the new education policy will prove to be a 2020 milestone in the creation of a new India.
10- 2.25 lakh suggestions were received from all sections of the society about the new education policy, and we made a comprehensive analysis of the suggestions that came. A committee headed by former Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) chairman K Kasturirangan submitted a draft of the new education policy to HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank last year when Nishank took charge of the ministry.